5 emerging cyber threats to worry about in 2019

Last year was full of cybersecurity disasters, from the revelation of security flaws in billions of microchips to massive data breaches and attacks using malicious software that locks down computer systems until a ransom is paid, usually in the form of an untraceable digital currency.

We’re going to see more mega-breaches and ransomware attacks in 2019. Planning to deal with these and other established risks, like threats to web-connected consumer devices and critical infrastructure such as electrical grids and transport systems, will be a top priority for security teams. But cyber-defenders should be paying attention to new threats, too. Here are some that should be on watch lists:

1. Exploiting AI-Generated Fake Video and Audio

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Thanks to advances in artificial intelligence, it’s now possible to create fake video and audio messages that are incredibly difficult to distinguish from the real thing. These “deepfakes” could be a boon to hackers in a couple of ways. AI-generated “phishing” e-mails that aim to trick people into handing over passwords and other sensitive data have already been shown to be more effective than ones generated by humans. Now hackers will be able to throw highly realistic fake video and audio into the mix, either to reinforce instructions in a phishing e-mail or as a standalone tactic.

Cybercriminals could also use the technology to manipulate stock prices by, say, posting a fake video of a CEO announcing that a company is facing a financing problem or some other crisis. There’s also the danger that deepfakes could be used to spread false news in elections and to stoke geopolitical tensions.

Such ploys would once have required the resources of a big movie studio, but now they can be pulled off by anyone with a decent computer and a powerful graphics card. Startups are developing technology to detect deepfakes, but it’s unclear how effective their efforts will be. In the meantime, the only real line of defense is security awareness training to sensitize people to the risk.

2. Poisoning AI Defenses

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Security companies have rushed to embrace AI models as a way to help anticipate and detect cyberattacks. However, sophisticated hackers could try to corrupt these defenses. “AI can help us parse signals from noise,” says Nate Fick, CEO of the security firm Endgame, but “in the hands of the wrong people,” it’s also AI that’s going to generate the most sophisticated attacks.

Generative adversarial networks, or GANs, which pitch two neural networks against one another, can be used to try to guess what algorithms defenders are using in their AI models. Another risk is that hackers will target data setsused to train models and poison them — for instance, by switching labels on samples of malicious code to indicate that they are safe rather than suspect.

3. Hacking Smart Contracts

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Smart contracts are software programs stored on a blockchain that automatically execute some form of digital asset exchange if conditions encoded in them are met. Entrepreneurs are pitching their use for everything from money transfers to intellectual-property protection. But it’s still early in their development, and researchers are finding bugs in some of them. So are hackers, who have exploited flaws to steal millions of dollars’ worth of cryptocurrencies.

The fundamental issue is that blockchains were designed to be transparent. Keeping data associated with smart contracts private is therefore a challenge. “We need to build privacy-preserving technologies into [smart contract] platforms,” says Dawn Song, a professor at the University of California, Berkeley, and the CEO of Oasis Labs, a startup that’s working on ways to do this using special hardware.

4. Breaking Encryption Using Quantum Computers

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Security experts predict that quantum computers, which harness exotic phenomena from quantum physics to produce exponential leaps in processing power, could crack encryption that currently helps protect everything from e-commerce transactions to health records.

Quantum machines are still in their infancy, and it could be some years before they pose a serious threat. But products like cars whose software can be updated remotely will still be in use a decade or more from now. The encryption baked into them today could ultimately become vulnerable to quantum attack. The same holds true for code used to protect sensitive data, like financial records, that need to be stored for many years.

recent report from a group of US quantum experts urges organizations to start adopting new and forthcoming kinds of encryption algorithms that can withstand a quantum attack. And government organizations like the US National Institute of Standards and Technology are working on standards for post-quantum cryptography to make this process easier.

5. Attacking From the Computing Cloud

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Businesses that host other companies’ data on their servers — or manage clients’ IT systems remotely — make super-tempting targets for hackers. By breaching these companies’ systems, they can get access to those of clients, too. Big cloud companies like Amazon and Google can afford to invest heavily in cybersecurity defenses and pay salaries that attract some of the best talent in the field. That doesn’t make them immune to a breach, but it’s more likely that hackers will target smaller firms.

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This has already started to happen. The US government recently accusedChinese hackers of sneaking into the systems of a company that managed IT for other firms. Using this access, the hackers were allegedly able to gain access to the computers of 45 companies around the world, in industries from aviation to oil and gas exploration.

Dubbed “Cloudhopper” by security experts, the attack is just the tip of what’s going to be a fast-growing iceberg. “You’re going to see [hackers] move from focusing on desktop malware to data-center malware” that offers significant economies of scale, says Chenxi Wang, the founder of Rain Capital, a venture capital firm that specializes in cybersecurity.

Some of the other risks we’ve listed may seem less pressing than this one. But when it comes to cybersecurity, the companies best prepared to tackle tomorrow’s threats will be the ones most willing to exercise their imaginations today.

Mystery! Strange Alien radio signals from deep space detected – Astronomers

Astronomers have revealed details of mysterious signals emanating from a distant galaxy, picked up by a telescope in Canada. The precise nature and origin of the blasts of radio waves is unknown. Among the 13 fast radio bursts, known as FRBs, was a very unusual repeating signal, coming from the same source about 1.5 billion light-years away.

Such an event has only been reported once before, by a different telescope. “Knowing that there is another suggests that there could be more out there,” said Ingrid Stairs, an astrophysicist from the University of British Columbia (UBC). And with more repeaters and more sources available for study, we may be able to understand these cosmic puzzles – where they’re from and what causes them.”

The CHIME observatory, located in British Columbia’s Okanagan Valley, consists of four 100-metre-long, semi-cylindrical antennas, which scan the entire northern sky each day. The telescope only got up and running last year, detecting 13 of the radio bursts almost immediately, including the repeater. The research has now been published in the journal Nature.

“We have discovered a second repeater and its properties are very similar to the first repeater. This tells us more about the properties of repeaters as a population,” said Shriharsh Tendulkar of McGill University, Canada. FRBs are short, bright flashes of radio waves, which appear to be coming from almost halfway across the Universe.

So far, scientists have detected about 60 single fast radio bursts and two that repeat. They believe there could be as many as a thousand FRBs in the sky every day. There are a number of theories about what could be causing them. They include a neutron star with a very strong magnetic field that is spinning very rapidly, two neutron stars merging together, and, among a minority of observers, some form of alien spaceship.

Unbelievable! Astronomers have discovered a planet twise the size of Earth – NASA [video]

If you think scientists aren’t the most imaginative bunch when it comes to naming things, then think again because boffins over in the States think they may have discovered a ‘super-Earth’. Inspired.

But there’s a reason it’s so super, it’s about twice the size of regular Earth and astronomers say as it’s located in our ‘habitable zone’, might even contain life – also, the other option for a name is K2-288Bb, which isn’t the catchiest. The extraordinarily large planet is 226 light-years away, in a constellation called Taurus, and experts say it’s most likely either a rocky or gas-rich planet, similar to Neptune.

NASA believe they may have found a planet that could contain life. Credit: NASA

This new and improved Earth is situated in the stellar called K2-288, made up of a pair of dim stars, about 5.1 billion miles apart, which is approximately six times the distance between Saturn and the Sun – if that means anything to you. According to NASA, the brighter of the two stars is about half the size of the Sun, with the second equating to just a third of the Sun. Again, not that that will really mean anything.

The new planet discovered by astronomers orbits this smaller star, completing one cycle every 313.3 days. But it wasn’t a team of experienced scientists that made this pretty incredible discovery, it was two students, graduate Adina Feinstein, from the University of Chicago, and Makennah Bristow, an undergraduate student at the University of North Carolina Asheville. The pair were working as interns with Joshua Schlieder, an astrophysicist at NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Maryland, at the time.

The inquisitive students made the finding by sifting through data collected by the Kepler Telescope, looking for evidence of transits, which is the regular dimming of a star when a planet moves across its face. During their research of data from the fourth batch of observations from Kepler’s K2 mission, the three of them noticed that there were two likely planetary transits.

However, they needed to see a third transit before they could say they had discovered a planet for definite, but they didn’t have one. Eventually they realised that they hadn’t been looking at all of the information. And in May 2017 after looking at the new information that was posted on Exoplanet Explorers – which allows the public to look at Kepler’s K2 observations to try and find new transiting planets – they finally found that third transit.

Feinstein and her colleagues couldn’t believe they had missed it and the paper has now been accepted for publication by The Astronomical Journal. Feinstein said: “That’s how we missed it – and it took the keen eyes of citizen scientists to make this extremely valuable find and point us to it. It’s a very exciting discovery due to how it was found, its temperate orbit and because planets of this size seem to be relatively uncommon.”

When can we go?

Shocker! See 10 Most Bizzare Creatures That Actually Existed

Since the formation of man into the world, According to world famous Archaeologist, the human has only exhausted few percentages of the brain. based on scientific discoveries and about the creation of the world below are some facts world Archeologist has been able to come out with.

Baltic Sea Anomaly

1 The Baltic Anomaly: is a still-unknown item in the Baltic Sea which some say could be a pre-Ice Age artifact or Nazi anti-submarine device. Oddly, divers’ electrical equipment stops functioning within 650 feet (200m) and a strong radio signal comes off from just near the item.

 

Giant oarfish

2 The Giant Oarfish: Thought to be the reason for many alleged sea serpent sightings, the giant oarfish can reach up to 36 feet (11m) long – that’s bigger than a shipping container. Previously assumed to be quite rare, these mostly unknown creatures seem to be more common than once thought.

NOAA Upsweep electrograms

3 The Upsweep: The NOAA listens to sounds from oceans all over the world. Most have been identified, but the sound known as upsweep remains elusive to understand. Upsweep is a few seconds of narrow-band upsweeping sounds and is most active in Spring and Autumn.

Riftia tube worm colony

4 Hydrothermal Vent Worms: Looking like long lipstick containers, hydrothermal vent worms have neither a mouth nor digestive system. They thus rely on a relationship with bacteria which use chemicals to make food the worms can absorb.

Sea serpent

5 Leptocephalus Giganteus: Only two of the eel species Leptocephalus giganteus were ever found, and both were larvae. The first (found off the South African coast) was six feet long and, extrapolated to adult size, could measure over 70 feet (21m) long.

Frilled shark

6 Frilled Shark: Sometimes called a living fossil due to its primitive features, the frilled shark is a rarely-seen animal which may trap its prey by crimping its body and leaping forward like a snake.

Colossal squid on shore

7 Colossal Squid: But If you thought it couldn’t get bigger than the giant squid, think again. There’s even less known about the colossal squid which has eyes bigger than your hand. It predominantly lives in the Antarctic and has 25 rotating hooks on the end of each tentacle.

Harvesting sulfur

8 Sulphur Lake: On the Pacific Ring of Fire lies a lake – a very special lake because it’s both underwater and made entirely of molten sulphur. Thirteen hundred feet (400m) below sea level, the area teems with life including crabs and shrimp specially designed for this bizarre condition.

Stomias boa boa

9 Dragonfish: Firing out a beam of red light from beneath each eye, the bioluminescent dragonfish is the only animal that can see other dragonfishes’ red light. That’s the ultimate in unbreakable secret code.

Macropinna

10 Macropinna microstoma: The Macropinna is a fish with a very rare and little-understood composition: its head is covered by a transparent, fluid-filled dome. Beyond that, it has barrel-shaped eyes which point up (through the dome) while it’s horizontal in the water and can be rotated forward if it changes position.

 

WOW! India scientists dismiss Einstein theories

Scientists in India have hit out at speakers at a major conference for making irrational claims, including that ancient Hindus invented stem cell research, also dismissing claims of one of the greatest scientist of all time, Albert Einstein.

Albert Einstein

Some academics at the annual Indian Science Congress dismissed the findings of Isaac Newton and Albert Einstein. Hindu mythology and religion-based theories have increasingly become part of the Indian Science Congress agenda. But experts said remarks at this year’s summit were especially ludicrous.

The 106th Indian Science Congress, which was inaugurated by Prime Minister Narendra Modi, runs from 3-7 January. The head of a southern Indian university cited an old Hindu text as proof that stem cell research was discovered in India thousands of years ago.

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G Nageshwar Rao, vice chancellor of Andhra University, also said a demon king from the Hindu religious epic, Ramayana, had 24 types of aircraft and a network of landing strips in modern day Sri Lanka.

Another scientist from a university in the southern state of Tamil Nadu told conference attendees that Isaac Newton and Albert Einstein were both wrong and that gravitational waves should be renamed “Narendra Modi Waves”.

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Dr KJ Krishnan reportedly said Newton failed to “understand gravitational repulsive forces” and Einstein’s theories were “misleading”. Critics said that while ancient texts should be read and enjoyed – it was nonsense to suggest they represented science. The Indian Scientific Congress Association expressed “serious concern” at the remarks.

“We don’t subscribe to their views and distance ourselves from their comments. This is unfortunate,” Premendu P Mathur, general secretary of Indian Scientific Congress Association, told the AFP news agency. There is a serious concern about such kind of utterances by responsible people.”

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Pseudoscience moves from fringe to the mainstream

India has a mixed relationship with science. On the one hand, it has a rich tradition of outstanding scientists – the Higgs boson particle, for example, is named partly after an Indian physicist and Einstein’s contemporary, Satyendra Nath Bose. Particle physicist Ashoke Sen, meanwhile, is the recipient of Fundamental Physics Prize, the world’s most lucrative academic award. But it also has a long tradition of replacing science with myths, leading to a fringe culture of pseudoscience.

Many believe under Narendra Modi’s Hindu nationalist BJP party, pseudoscience has moved from the fringe to the mainstream. Mr. Modi himself set the tone in 2014 with his outlandish claim that cosmetic surgery was practised in India thousands of years ago. Many of his ministers followed suit with similar claims. India’s top science summit also started inviting academics with Hindu nationalist leanings who have made equally bizarre claims.

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Such claims usually hark back to an imagined glorious Hindu past to bolster religious nationalism. The BJP and its hard-line allies have for a long time mixed mythology and religion to bolster political Hinduism and nationalism. Adding science to the mix, say critics, will only help propagate quack science and erode scientific temper.

Also, as economist Kaushik Basu says: “For a nation to progress it is important for people to spend time on science, mathematics and literature instead of spending time showing that 5,000 years ago their ancestors did science, mathematics and literature.”

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Other claims made by Indian politicians and scientists:

  • India’s junior education minister Satyapal Singh in 2017 said that airplanes were first mentioned in the ancient Hindu epic, Ramayana. He added that the first working plane was invented by an Indian named Shivakar Babuji Talpade eight years before the Wright brothers
  • Also in 2017, the education minister for the western state of Rajasthan said it was important to “understand the scientific significance” of the cow, claiming it was the only animal in the world to both inhale and exhale oxygen
  • In 2014, Prime Minister Narendra Modi told medical staff at a Mumbai hospital that the story of the Hindu god Ganesha – whose elephant head is attached to a human body – showed cosmetic surgery existed in ancient India
  • Geologist Ashu Khosla said that Hindu god Brahma discovered dinosaurs and documented them in ancient Indian scriptures while presenting a research paper at the Indian Science Congress on Sunday
  • Lawmaker Ramesh Pokhriyal Nishank prompted outrage in 2014 when he said that “science is a dwarf in front of astrology”. He added that astrology was “the biggest science” and that India conducted nuclear tests more than 100,000 years ago

 

Beautiful! Astronomers have detected planets outside the Galaxy for the first time

In an incredible world first, astrophysicists detected multiple planets in another galaxy earlier this year, ranging from masses as small as the Moon to ones as great as Jupiter.

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Given how difficult it is to find exoplanets even within our Milky Way galaxy, this is no mean feat. Researchers at the University of Oklahoma achieved this in February thanks to clever use of gravitational microlensing. The technique, first predicted by Einstein’s theory of general relativity, has been used to find exoplanets within Milky Way, and it’s the only known way of finding the smallest and most distant planets, thousands of light-years from Earth.

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As a planet orbits a star, the gravitational field of the system can bend the light of a distant star behind it. We know what this looks like when it’s just two stars, so when a planet enters the mix, it creates a further disturbance in the light that reaches us – a recognisable signature for the planet. So far, 53 exoplanets within the Milky Way have been detected using this method. To find planets farther afield, though, something a little bit more powerful than a single star was required.

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Oklahoma University astronomers Xinyu Dai and Eduardo Guerras studied a quasar 6 billion light-years away called RX J1131-1231, one of the best gravitationally lensed quasars in the sky. The gravitational field of a galaxy 3.8 billion light-years away between us and the quasar bends light in such a way that it creates four images of the quasar, which is an active supermassive black hole that’s extremely bright in X-ray, thanks to the intense heat of its accretion disc.

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Using data from NASA’s Chandra X-ray Observatory, the researchers found that there were peculiar line energy shifts in the quasar’s light that could only be explained by planets in the galaxy lensing the quasar. It turned out to be around 2,000 unbound planets with masses ranging between the Moon and Jupiter, between the galaxy’s stars.

“We are very excited about this discovery. This is the first time anyone has discovered planets outside our galaxy,” Dai said.

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Of course, we haven’t seen the planets directly, and are unlikely to in the lifetime of anyone alive today. But being able to detect them at all is an incredible testament to the power of microlensing, not to mention being evidence that there are planets in other galaxies. Of course, common sense would dictate that planets are out there – but the evidence is always nice.

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“This is an example of how powerful the techniques of analysis of extragalactic microlensing can be. This galaxy is located 3.8 billion light years away, and there is not the slightest chance of observing these planets directly, not even with the best telescope one can imagine in a science fiction scenario. However, we are able to study them, unveil their presence and even have an idea of their masses. This is very cool science,” said Guerras.

Science: Astronaut makes shocking revelation about Mars

One of the first men to orbit the Moon has told BBC Radio 5 Live that it’s “stupid” to plan human missions to Mars.

Bill Anders on Apollo 8

Bill Anders, lunar module pilot of Apollo 8, the first human spaceflight to leave Earth’s orbit, said sending crews to Mars was “almost ridiculous”. Nasa is currently planning new human missions to the Moon. It wants to learn the skills and develop the technology to enable a future human landing on Mars.

Bill Anders

Anders, 85, said he’s a “big supporter” of the “remarkable” unmanned programmes, “mainly because they’re much cheaper”. But he says the public support simply isn’t there to fund vastly more expensive human missions. What’s the imperative? What’s pushing us to go to Mars?” he said, adding “I don’t think the public is that interested”.

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Meanwhile, robotic probes are still exploring Mars. Last month, the InSight lander, which will sample the planet’s interior, successfully touched down at Elysium Planitia. In a statement, Nasa said it was “leading a sustainable return to the Moon, which will help prepare us to send astronauts to Mars That also includes commercial and international partners to expand human presence in space and bring back new knowledge and opportunities.”

An artist's rendering of the Mars Ice Home concept.

In December 1968, Anders, along with crewmates Frank Borman and Jim Lovell, lifted off from Cape Canaveral in Florida atop a Saturn V, before completing 10 orbits around the Moon. The crew of Apollo 8 spent 20 hours in orbit, before returning to Earth. They splashed down in the Pacific on 27 December, landing just 5,000 yards (4,500 metres) from their target point. They were picked up by the aircraft carrier USS Yorktown.

It was the furthest humans had ever been from their home planet at that point – and a vital stepping stone on the road to Apollo 11’s historic moon landing just seven months later. But the former astronaut is scathing about how Nasa has evolved since the heady days of President John F Kennedy’s pledge to land a man on the Moon by the end of the 1960s.

Earth from space

“Nasa couldn’t get to the Moon today. They’re so ossified… Nasa has turned into a jobs programme… many of the centres are mainly interested in keeping busy and you don’t see the public support other than they get the workers their pay and their congressmen get re-elected.” Anders is also critical of the decision to focus on near-Earth orbit exploration after the completion of the Apollo programme in the 1970s. “I think the space shuttle was a serious error. It hardly did anything except have an exciting launch, but it never lived up to its promise,” he said.

“The space station is only there because you had a shuttle, and vice-versa. Nasa really mismanaged the manned programme since the late lunar landings.” It’s a view that might seem surprising from a proud patriot and servant of the US military, who still remembers his own mission to space with great fondness. It’s also a view that Anders accepts doesn’t sit too well with some in the space community. I think Nasa’s lucky to have what they’ve got – which is still hard, in my mind, to justify. I’m not a very popular guy at Nasa for saying that, but that’s what I think,” he explained.

Astronauts walking out

His former crewmate, Frank Borman, who commanded the Apollo 8 mission and also spent two weeks in Earth orbit during the Gemini programme, is slightly more enthusiastic. “I’m not as critical of Nasa as Bill is,” he told 5 Live. “I firmly believe that we need robust exploration of our Solar System and I think man is part of that.” But asked about the the plans of Space X founder Elon Musk and Amazon boss Jeff Bezos – who have both talked of launching private missions to Mars, Borman is less complimentary. “I do think there’s a lot of hype about Mars that is nonsense. Musk and Bezos, they’re talking about putting colonies on Mars, that’s nonsense.”

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Apollo’s legacy

Reflecting on their own historic mission to the Moon, Borman described Apollo 8 as a “great endeavour” and agreed that it had won the space race. Anders said he felt that the lasting legacy of the mission would be “Earthrise” a photo taken by the crew showing humanity’s home planet hanging in the blackness of space above the lunar horizon.

Speaking to BBC Radio 4’s PM, their crewmate Jim Lovell also reflected on the Earthrise moment: “When I looked at the Earth itself… I started to wonder why I was here, what’s my purpose here… it sort of dawned me. And my perspective is that God has given mankind a stage on which to perform. How the play turns out, is up to us,” he said.

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2019 BUDGET! Nigeria is now ripe to build a massive digital economy, Buhari boasts

The Federal Government has made known its intention to build a digital economy around the technology and creative sectors to create jobs for young people.

President Muhammadu Buhari made this known while presenting the N8.83trn 2019 budget at a joint session of the National Assembly in Abuja on Wednesday.

 

 

He said the digital economy would be in partnership with states and the private sector, stressing that “Nigeria cannot afford to be left behind in the digital age.

“Modern up-to-date infrastructure is particularly important to boost economic activities.

“We are working on a project to increase broadband penetration across all geographical zones of the country.

“We are hoping that over the next four years, the 774 local government areas in the country will be provided with fibre connectivity,” he said.

 

 

Buhari said that government also planned to exploit comparative advantages of the six geo-political zones and the 36 states of the federation by establishing six industrial parks.

The president said government would establish 109 special production and processing centres across senatorial zones, including shared facilities.

He explained that “Every Child Counts’’, adding that the government guiding principle in national educational system entailed far reaching actions to boost digital literacy.

 

 

Buhari said such move would impart functional skills on children and retrain thousands of teachers, stressing that the was need for government to equip children with modern era skills.

“Indeed, we must equip our children from young age with skills for modern era by emphasising education in science, technology,engineering, arts and mathematics.’’

The President said the 2019 budget had benefited from extensive consultations and stakeholder engagements “to reflect our belief that all sectors have critical role to play in our journey toward sustainable and inclusive development.

 

 

 

“It demonstrates our commitment to deliver dividends of democracy to Nigerians, in a more inclusive manner. It also represents another important step in building
the Nigeria of our dreams.’’

He, therefore, called for the support of Nigerians to achieve the desired goals’

 

 

According to Buhari, what has become evident over the past years is that more can be achieved in the overall interest of the Nigerian people when we work together.

The 2019 Appropriation Bill is now before the joint session of NASS for consideration and passage.

What do you make of the federal government’s plan, share it with us in the comment section

Surprise! Time traveler 2030 reveals interesting details about 2019

The time traveller from 2030 is again in the news. Earlier he had claimed that he feels threatened and could be hunted by the government soon.

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The man is back in the news and this time with a detailed timeline of 2019. Yes, he has shared a detailed account of what we are going to see in 2019. Have a look-

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1. Noah claims that in 2019 and 2020, there will be a lot of UFO spottings on the planet. The sightings will start from January onwards and people will see the UFOs everywhere.

2. In February, there will be a massive snowstorm in the USA which will wipe out many cities.

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3. He claims that there will be some important inventions. A robotic eye will be released in April and by June there will be a chip which will allow paralysed people to walk again.

4. He also claims that in 2020, Donald Trump will be re-elected as the US president and he is quite confident about it.

Meanwhile, he has alarmed the people again that he might get hunted by the government soon because he is uncovering the secrets.  Now that’s really interesting.

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WOW! The most-distant solar system object has been discovered by scientists

For the first time, an object in our solar system has been found more than 100 times farther than Earth is from the sun.

Comet 46P/Wirtanen will pass within 7 million miles of Earth on December 16. It's ghostly green coma is the size of Jupiter, even though the comet itself is about three-quarters of a mile in diameter.

The International Astronomical Union’s Minor Planet Center announced the discovery Monday, calling the object 2018 VG18. But the researchers who found it are calling it “Farout.” They believe the spherical object is a dwarf planet more than 310 miles in diameter, with a pinkish hue. That color has been associated with objects that are rich in ice, and given its distance from the sun, that isn’t hard to believe. Its slow orbit probably takes more than 1,000 years to make one trip around the sun, the researchers said.

This mosaic image of asteroid Bennu is composed of 12 PolyCam images collected on December 2 by the OSIRIS-REx spacecraft from a range of 15 miles.

This technology might change how we connect cities and countries. With the next evolution of city transport in development, journey times will be dramatically reduced impacting how cities grow. The distance between the Earth and the sun is an AU, or astronomical unit — the equivalent of about 93 million miles. Farout is 120 AU from the sun. Eris, the next most distant object known, is 96 AU from the sun. For reference, Pluto is 34 AU away. The object was found by the Carnegie Institution for Science’s Scott S. Sheppard, the University of Hawaii’s David Tholen and Northern Arizona University’s Chad Trujillo — and it’s not their first discovery.

This image of a globular cluster of stars by the Hubble Space Telescope is one of the most ancient collections of stars known. The cluster, called NGC 6752, is more than 10 billion years old.

The team has been searching for a super-Earth-size planet on the edge of our solar system, known as Planet Nine or Planet X, since 2014. They first suggested the existence of this possible planet in 2014 after finding “Biden” at 84 AU. Along the way, they have discovered more distant solar system objects suggesting that the gravity of something massive is influencing their orbit. Farout was found using the Japanese Subaru 8-meter telescope on Hawaii’s Mauna Kea in November. Follow-up observations with Carnegie’s Las Campanas Observatory’s Magellan telescope in Chile determined its path, brightness and color.

"Farout" as seen from the Subaru telescope.

“Farout” as seen from the Subaru telescope. This discovery is truly an international achievement in research using telescopes located in Hawaii and Chile, operated by Japan, as well as by a consortium of research institutions and universities in the United States,” Trujillo said in a statement. “With new wide-field digital cameras on some of the world’s largest telescopes, we are finally exploring our Solar System’s fringes, far beyond Pluto.” In October, the team announced the discovery of “the Goblin” at 80 AU; it’s so named because the distant solar system object was first spotted near Halloween.

An image of Apep captured with the VISIR camera on the European Southern Observatory's Very Large Telescope. This "pinwheel" star system is most likely doomed to end in a long-duration gamma-ray burst.

It’s unlikely that these objects are influenced by the gravity of gas giants Neptune and Uranus because they never get close enough to them — which indicates that something else is determining their orbits. Farout’s orbit is yet to be determined. “2018 VG18 is much more distant and slower moving than any other observed Solar System object, so it will take a few years to fully determine its orbit,” Sheppard said in a statement.

An artist's impression of galaxy Abell 2597, showing the supermassive black hole expelling cold molecular gas like the pump of a giant intergalactic fountain.

“But it was found in a similar location on the sky to the other known extreme Solar System objects, suggesting it might have the same type of orbit that most of them do. The orbital similarities shown by many of the known small, distant Solar System bodies was the catalyst for our original assertion that there is a distant, massive planet at several hundred AU shepherding these smaller objects.”

An image of the Wild Duck Cluster, where every star is roughly 250 million years old.